The leading artist of Italy’s reunification in the 19th Century was the great composer Giuseppe Verdi. His operas brought to the stage the values and issues of the “Risorgimento,” giving vivid creative expression to the ideals of his time. His stirring and melodious music provided a common bond for peoples divided by political boundaries, customs, and his personal life became symbolic of an emerging nation’s vital spirit.
Dr. Clifford “Kip” Cranna, dramaturg emeritus at San Francisco Opera, was awarded the San Francisco Opera Medal, the company’s highest honor. He lectures and writes frequently on music and teaches at the San Francisco Conservatory and the Fromm Institute. He was dramaturg for the Kennedy Center’s 2016 production of Wagner’s Ring.